National policy of Education 1986 or NPE 1986 brings major changes in the education system. There was a rapid expansion of education and also the country was rocked by the explosion of population. The rise in educated and un-educated unemployment was shattering the tranquil waters of the country.
Education was not helping in the removal of defects. Besides, it was lagging behind in many aspects of the changes going on in the world education scene. The world was in the grip of the technological, scientific, and computer revolution.
At this time, the country had a very young dynamic, charismatic, and forward-looking leader sir Rajiv Gandhi as the Pm of India. He wanted to take India to great heights of scientific and technological progress
In the beginning, the NPE lays down the essence and role of education as follows:
- Education for all in our national perspective. It is fundamental to material and spiritual development.
- Education has an important role and it refines sensitivities and perceptions.
- Education develops manpower for different levels of economy
- Education is a unique investment
The major recommendation of NPE 1986 (National Policy of Education 1986)
- Based on the constitutional principles: It derives its inspiration from the idea and values of democracy, and secularism enshrined in our constitution.
2. Access to Education: The concept of a National system of education implies that all students irrespective of caste, creed, location, or Gender have access to education of comparable quality. To achieve this government introduced funded programmers. Effective measures were taken in the direction of the common school, system.
3. Common Education Structure: It envisages a common educational structure, the 10+2+3 that has been accepted in all parts of the country. Regarding the further break-up of the 1st 10 years, efforts will be made to move towards the elementary system comprising 5 years of primary and 3 years of Upper Primary, and 2 years of high school education.
4. National Curriculum framework with a common core: Education will be based on a national curriculum framework that contains a common core, along with other components that are flexible. The common core will include the history of India’s freedom movement, the constitutional obligations, and other contents, which are important to nurturing National identity
5. More emphasis on Learning: the teacher should create an environment in the class and in the school in general where the students learn many things in their own creativity.
6. Vocationalization of Education: rationalization of education was given importance in this new education policy. Vocational courses of various types should minimize the unemployment problem because the educated person will be able to use the required skills for earning his livelihood.
7. Important of Moral Values: Education is an important factor in bringing in about desirable changes in society. Therefore the importance of moral values should be inculcated in the students
8. Emphasis on reforms in the examination system: This policy has suggested grades should be given in place of division to avoid frustration and anxiety in students. Periodical tests have been recommended in this new policy. The teacher should be solely responsible for evaluating the merits of his/her students.
9. Education for the weaker section of society: Education of SC/ST/differently-abled persons and girls has been emphasized in the interest of National progress, their development was considered necessary. Hence, reservation for such a person was allotted in various types of educational institutions.
10. Ever continual primary school: According to the new educational policy each primary school will have at least two classrooms with at least two teachers of these two teachers, one will be a woman. Each primary school will function throughout the 12 months of the year.
11. Operational blackboard: In this new policy, the term ‘Operational Blackboard’ has been used for conveying the idea that minimum facilities will be provided to the primary school. For eg. 2 rooms, chart, maps, a blackboard, carpet, etc. In the operation blackboard, the cooperation of voluntary organizations and local bodies will be included.
12. All India Educational Service: In order to improve the educational administration, this policy has emphasized the necessity of starting and all India Education Service Organization officers may be transferred anywhere in the country. It has been felt that this kind of transfer will weaken the undesirable bond of regionalism and will bring dynamism to the educational administration.
13. Establishing many Navodaya Schools: In these schools, students will be admitted to class VI based on the admission test. During the admission process, the ratio between the boys and girls, urban and rural students will be taken into consideration. It is a free residential school 25% of the students who have passed class VIII standard from these schools will be transferred for education to other states with a view to promoting national integration.
14. New Educational Institution: District Institute of Education Training (DIET) and District Board Education (DBE). Members of these institutes will survey the educational needs of the area and inform the concerned education officers about the same from time to time.
15. Modernization of Education: Computer education will be employed in the expansion of literacy, the utility of correspondence course, television, radio, and satellite, video assessed video concerning, were accepted in the development of education.
16. Education of women’s equality: Education will be used as an agent of basic changes in the status of women. It will foster the development of new values through residential curricula textbooks, the training, and orientation of teachers, decision-makers, and administrators, and the active involvement of the educational investigation. The removal of women’s illiteracy will receive priority through the provision of special support services. Major emphasis will be laid on women’s participation in vocational-technical and professional education at different levels.
In conclusion, we can state that NPE 1986 gave its considered recommendations almost on every aspect of our education with a plan of action to translate the suggestion into actions. The recommendations have been made to put into action the educational programmers of plans suggested therein.